Tuesday, 23 September 2014

FBI Jabatan pasukan polis SELURUH Amerika Syarikat DIAM Mengenai GEAR MENGINTIP telefon BIMBIT. . .

Reuters/Robert Galbraith

Alifhafizin - Bukan sahaja jabatan polis tempatan di seluruh Amerika Syarikat semakin bergantung kepada apa yang dikenali sebagai peranti ikan pari untuk menjalankan pemantauan ke atas pengguna telefon bimbit, tetapi polis dipaksa diam mengenai operasi, dokumen-dokumen baru mendedahkan.

Laporan baru-baru ini telah menyatakan bahawa agensi-agensi penguatkuasaan undang-undang dari pantai ke pantai telah beralih kepada peranti penangkap-IMSI, seperti ikan pari yang dijual oleh Florida Harris Corporation, untuk menipu biasa telefon bimbit ke dalam menyampaikan maklumat Bergerak Antarabangsa Pengenalan Pelanggan peranti khusus utk menara sel palsu - taktik yg mengambil data geolokasi anggaran semua peranti dalam julat dan merakam-kannya untuk penyiasat.

Baru-baru ini, Jabatan Polis Tallahassee di negeri Florida telah didapati meng-gunakan sendiri "tapak sel simulator" mereka sekurang-kurangnya 200 kali untuk mengumpul data telefon tanpa pernah meminta waran dalam tempoh 3 tahun, dan maklumat mengenai penggunaan ikan pari oleh kumpulan-kumpulan penguatkua-saan undang-undang terus muncul pada biasa itu.

Tetapi sementara merit sama ada atau tidak pegawai2 penguatkuasa undang-undang undang-undang akan dapat untuk mengumpul maklumat sel sensitif den-gan menyamar sebagai menara telekomunikasi masih masak untuk perbahasan - & terus dgn pasti menjadi isu perbalahan di kalangan penyokong kebebasan awam - dokumen yang baru dikeluarkan walaupun meningkatkan pertanyaan tentang bagaimana polis gunakan ikan pari & lain2 penangkap-IMSI untuk mengumpul ketulan besar data berkenaan di mana suspek bukan sahaja jenayah, tetapi seolah-olah sesiapa sahaja di kawasan tertentu yang berlaku untuk mem-punyai telefon di tangan atau poket mereka.

Rayuan tidak henti-henti untuk mendapatkan butiran mengenai penggunaan penangkap-IMSI oleh Jabatan Polis Tacoma di negeri Washington berhasil apabila baru-baru ini laman berita penyiasatan Muckrock memperoleh dokumen enam halaman selepas susulan selama beberapa bulan pada Kebebasan permintaan Akta Maklumat yang disimpan dengan TPD .

Menurut dokumen itu, polis di Tacoma terpaksa menandatangani perjanjian tidak boleh di dedah, atau NDA, dengan Biro Penyiasatan Persekutuan sebelum mereka boleh mula menjalankan pengawasan ke atas pengguna sel dengan Harris-pari dijual.

Walaupun majoriti Disember 2012 dokumen itu disunting, perenggan dari FBI ejen khas Laura Laughlin kepada Polis Ketua Donald Ramsdell mendedahkan bahawa pegawai Tacoma diberitahu mereka tidak dapat membincangkan penggunaan penangkap-IMSI mereka dengan sesiapa.

"Kami telah dinasihatkan oleh Harris Corporation permintaan Jabatan Polis Tacoma untuk pengambilalihan wayarles koleksi peralatan/teknologi tertentu yang dihasilkan oleh Harris Corporation," surat FBI membaca sebahagiannya.

"Selaras dengan syarat-syarat mengenai kebenaran peralatan yang diberikan kepada Harris Corporation oleh Suruhanjaya Komunikasi Persekutuan (FCC), negeri dan tempatan agensi-agensi penguatkuasaan undang-undang perlu menye-laras dengan Biro Penyiasatan Persekutuan (FBI) untuk menyelesaikan ini per-janjian tidak boleh dedah sebelum pengambilalihan dan penggunaan perala-tan/teknologi yang diberi kuasa oleh FCC kebenaran itu."

Muckrock terlebih dahulu dokumen pada Ogos merujuk kepada NDA antara Jabatan Kehakiman Amerika Syarikat yang Tacoma PD dan, tetapi Shawn Musgrave menulis untuk laman web ini minggu ini bahawa perjanjian itu sendiri - walaupun yang sangat disunting satu - hanya disediakan pada Jumaat lepas.

FBI forces police Departments Across the US to keep QUIET About Cellphone Spying GEAR . . .

Not only are local police departments across the United States increasingly relying on so-called StingRay devices to conduct surveillance on cell phone users, but cops are being forced to keep quiet about the operations, new documents reveal.

Recent reports have indicated that law enforcement agencies from coast to coast have been turning to IMSI-catcher devices, like the StingRay sold by Florida’s Harris Corporation, to trick ordinary mobile phones into communicating device-specific International Mobile Subscriber Identity information to phony cell towers - a tactic that takes the approximate geolocation data of all the devices within range and records it for investigators.

Recently, the Tallahassee Police Department in the state of Florida was found to have used their own “cell site simulator” at least 200 times to collect phone data without once asking for a warrant during a three-year span, and details about the use of StingRays by other law enforcement groups continue to emerge on the regular.

But while the merits of whether or not law enforcement officers should legally be able to collect sensitive cell information by masquerading as telecommunication towers remains ripe for debate - and continues for certain to be an issue of contention among civil liberties advocates - newly released documents raise even further questions about how cops use StingRays and other IMSI-catchers to gather great chunks of data concerning the whereabouts of not just criminal suspects, but seemingly anyone in a given vicinity that happens to have a phone in their hand or pocket.

Relentless pleas for details about use of IMSI-catchers by the Tacoma Police Department in Washington state paid off recently when the investigative news site Muckrock obtained a six-page document after following up for several months on a Freedom of Information Act request placed with the TPD.

According to the document, police in Tacoma were forced to sign a non-disclosure agreement, or NDA, with the Federal Bureau of Investigation before they could begin conducting surveillance on cell users with a Harris-sold StingRay.

Although the majority of the December 2012 document is redacted, a paragraph from FBI special agent Laura Laughlin to Police of Chief Donald Ramsdell reveals that Tacoma officers were told they couldn’t discuss their use of IMSI-catchers with anyone.

“We have been advised by Harris Corporation of the Tacoma Police Department’s request for acquisition of certain wireless collection equipment/technology manufactured by Harris Corporation,” the FBI letter reads in part.

“Consistent with the conditions on the equipment authorization granted to Harris Corporation by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), state and local law enforcement agencies must coordinate with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to complete this non-disclosure agreement prior to the acquisition and use of the equipment/technology authorized by the FCC authorization.”

Muckrock first obtained documents in August referring to the NDA between the Tacoma PD and the US Department of Justice, but Shawn Musgrave wrote for the site this week that the agreement itself - albeit a highly redacted one - were only provided last Friday.



"Dokumen Tacoma memberikan pandangan utama dalam kerjasama erat di kalangan FBI, Harris Corporation dan Suruhanjaya Komunikasi Persekutuan melarang butiran ikan pari dari pelepasan awam," Musgrave menulis.

"Hakikat bahawa FBI menerima pemberitahuan daripada Harris yang TPD berminat dalam ikan pari mendedahkan tahap yang mengejutkan koordinasi antara syarikat swasta dan agensi penguatkuasaan undang-undang persekutuan," Musgrave terus. "Perjanjian itu juga menjelaskan bahawa melengkapkan NDA adalah wajib dengan perintah FCC."

Alan Butler, seorang peguam advokasi rayuan untuk Privasi Elektronik Pusat Maklumat berpangkalan di Washington DC,, atau EPIC, cepat mengulas untuk Muckrock tentang maklumat yang didedahkan oleh permintaan FOIA.

"Apa yang menarik mengenai perenggan awal daripada NDA anda diterima," Butler berkata, "ialah ia menjelaskan bahawa Harris, FCC dan FBI bekerja bersama-sama untuk memudahkan percambahan alat-alat ini di kalangan negeri dan tempatan agensi-agensi penguatkuasaan undang-undang ".

"Ia tidak jelas kepada saya mengapa FCC akan mempunyai kepentingan dalam yang memerlukan agensi-agensi penguatkuasaan undang-undang untuk menan-datangani NDA ini dgn FBI, kecuali mereka bimbang bahawa penyebaran tek-nologi ini boleh membahayakan pengguna rangkaian komunikasi Amerika," kata Butler, yang kumpulan mempunyai sebelum ini memfailkan permintaan FOIA berganda dan aduan undang-undang sendiri dengan FBI ke atas penggunaan IMSI-penangkap.

Dan Matt Cagle, seorang peguam yang pakar dalam pengawasan satu berfungsi sebagai rakan-rakan polis untuk pejabat Amerika Kesatuan Kebebasan Sivil ini Utara California, menulis sebarang tweet bahawa itu "membimbangkan" untuk melihat bahawa FCC - agensi awam - "adalah pensijilan penyaman pengintip sel berteknologi "tanpa memberitahu orang awam.

“The Tacoma document provides key insight into the close cooperation among the FBI, Harris Corporation and the Federal Communications Commission to bar StingRay details from public release,” Musgrave wrote.

“The fact that the FBI received notification from Harris that TPD was interested in a StingRay reveals a surprising level of coordination between a private corporation and a federal law enforcement agency,” Musgrave continued. “The agreement also makes clear that completing the NDA is compulsory by order of the FCC.”

Alan Butler, an appellate advocacy counsel for the Washington, DC-based Electronic Privacy Information Center, or EPIC, was quick to comment to Muckrock about the information revealed by the FOIA request.

“What is so fascinating about the beginning paragraph of the NDA you received,” Butler said, “is that it makes clear that Harris, the FCC and the FBI are working together to facilitate the proliferation of these devices among state and local law enforcement agencies.”

“It’s not clear to me why the FCC would have an interest in requiring law enforcement agencies to sign NDA’s with the FBI, unless they were concerned that the spread of this technology could harm users of American communications networks,” added Butler, whose group has previously filed multiple FOIA requests and legal complaints on its own with the FBI over the use of IMSI-catchers.

And Matt Cagle, an attorney who specialized in surveillance an serves as a police fellow for the American Civil Liberties Union’s Northern California office, tweeted that it’s “alarming” to see that the FCC - a public agency - “is conditioning certification of cell spy tech” without informing the public.


Alarming that a public agency (FCC) is conditioning certification of cell spy tech on public's not being informed. https://www.muckrock.com/news/archives/2014/sep/22/they-could-track-cell-phone-data-police-had-sign-n/


Seperti yang dilaporkan RT baru-baru ini, Perkhidmatan baru-baru ini Marsyal Amerika Syarikat telah campur tangan dalam pertikaian antara jabatan polis di Sarasota, FL dan ACLU dengan merebut rekod telefon bimbit yang dikumpul oleh polis pari milik sebelum libertarian awam boleh menyemak mereka.

"Ini adalah selaras dengan apa yang kita lihat di seluruh negara dengan agensi-agensi persekutuan cuba untuk campur tangan dengan permintaan orang awam untuk maklumat pari," peguam ACLU kakitangan Nathan Freed memberitahu ber-wayar kembali pada bulan Jun. "The feds bekerja keras untuk menghalang apa-apa pelepasan maklumat ini kepada orang ramai."

Pada masa itu, Wired melaporkan bahawa ACLU percaya bahawa "puluhan" ja-batan polis Amerika Syarikat telah menggunakan ikan pari di bawah kaveat ba-hawa mereka menandatangani NDA.

As RT reported recently, the US Marshals Service recently intervened in a dispute between the police department in Sarasota, FL and the ACLU by seizing cell phone records collected by an cop-owned StingRay before the civil libertarians could review them.

“This is consistent with what we’ve seen around the country with federal agencies trying to meddle with public requests for Stingray information,” ACLU staff attorney Nathan Freed told Wired back in June. “The feds are working very hard to block any release of this information to the public.”

At the time, Wired reported that the ACLU believes that “dozens” of US police department have used StingRays under the caveat that they sign an NDA.


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