Tuesday, 23 September 2014

'TIADA KEPUTUSAN' pada SERANGAN United Kingdom terhadap ISIS di IRAQ atau SYRIA . . .

Jet Typhoon teksi untuk penggantung mereka di RAF Northolt di barat London 2 Mei 2012 (Typhoon jets taxi to their hangers at RAF Northolt in west London May 2, 2012 (Reuters/Paul Hackett)

Alifhafizin - Britain masih belum membuat keputusan sama ada ia akan menyertai Amerika Syarikat dan serangan udara gabungan Arab terhadap Negara Islam (IS, yang sebelum ini ISIS) sasaran dalam Syria. Sementara itu, kata sepakat semakin meningkat di kalangan Ahli Parlimen UK bagi menyokong serangan Iraq.

Amerika, bersama-sama dengan Bahrain, Qatar, Arab Saudi, Jordan dan Emiriah Arab Bersatu, menggunakan jet pejuang, pengebom dan peluru berpandu Tomahawk dalam serbuan Syria yang bermula awal pada hari Selasa.

Angka kematian telah meningkat kepada 50, Balai Cerap Syria bagi Hak Asasi Manusia kepada Reuters. Sekurang-kurangnya 8 dipercayai orang awam, 3 daripada mereka kanak-kanak.

Duta PBB Syria dimaklumkan oleh Washington jam sebelum serangan bermula pada kira-kira 00:30 GMT. Kebenaran daripada kerajaan Assad, bagaimanapun, tidak dicari, meningkatkan persoalan mengenai kesahihan campur tangan.

Ditanya mengenai pendirian di UK untuk menyertai serangan  Syria, Kementerian Pertahanan jurucakap berkata, "kedudukan kami di Iraq dan Syria adalah sama. Perbincangan sedang dijalankan. Tiada keputusan telah diambil untuk penglibatan kami."

Perdana Menteri, David Cameron telah berkata beliau mahu berunding dengan Dewan Rakyat sebelum melakukan tentera British ke Iraq atau Syria. Parlimen boleh dipanggil semula seawal hari Khamis, berikut kembali dari Perhimpunan Agung PBB di New York.

Cameron berharap untuk mendapatkan kelulusan PBB bagi strategi global untuk menangani kumpulan militan. Beliau juga merancang untuk bertemu Presiden Iran menggesa beliau untuk menyertai usaha ini.

‘NO Decision’ on UK Strikes Against ISIS in IRAQ or SYRIA

Britain remains undecided as to whether it will join US and Arab coalition airstrikes against Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) targets within Syria. Meanwhile, consensus is growing among UK MPs in support of Iraq strikes.

America, along with Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and the United Arab Emirates, used fighter jets, bombers and Tomahawk cruise missiles in Syrian raids that began early on Tuesday.

The death toll has risen to 50, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights told Reuters. At least eight are believed to be civilians, three of them children.

Syria’s United Nations envoy was informed by Washington hours before the attacks began at about 00:30 GMT. The permission of the Assad government, however, was not sought, raising questions over the legality of the intervention.

Asked about the UK’s stance on joining Syrian strikes, a Ministry of Defence spokeswoman said, “Our position in Iraq and Syria is the same. Discussions are ongoing. No decision has been taken to our involvement.”

Prime Minister David Cameron has said he wants to consult the House of Commons before committing British forces to Iraq or Syria. Parliament could be recalled as early as Thursday, following his return from the UN General Assembly in New York.

Cameron hopes to secure UN approval for a global strategy to deal with the militant group. He also plans to meet the president of Iran to urge him to join the effort.



Dalam malu besar bagi Cameron, usul kerajaan untuk campur tangan Syria pada tahun lepas telah dikalahkan oleh Ahli Parlimen pembangkang Buruh. Cameron akan memerlukan sokongan lawannya untuk bertindak.

Shadow Setiausaha Perniagaan Chuka Umunna memberitahu Sky News pada Selasa ia adalah "tidak dapat" yang boleh Cameron komited untuk serangan udara tanpa kelulusan Ahli Parlimen.

"ISIS perlu dihapuskan. Apa yang mereka lakukan di rantau ini adalah zalim, adalah amat dahsyat. Jelas Perdana Menteri telah tidak ditentukan lagi bahawa Inggeris harus terlibat, "kata Umunna.

"Jika itu adalah sesuatu yang dia lakukan, Parti Buruh akan menggunakan kriteria yang sama untuk sama ada kita memilih untuk menyokong campur tangan seperti yang kita digunakan untuk tindakan Syria yang dicadangkan tahun lalu - ada asas undang-undang untuk campur tangan, ada rancangan untuk campur tangan, dan yang penting juga, pembelajaran pengajaran daripada Iraq, ada rancangan untuk apa yang berlaku selepas?

"Sukar dibayangkan bahawa Perdana Menteri boleh menekan dengan serangan udara terus-terang tanpa berunding Parlimen dan mencari nasihat yang betul dengan Parlimen."

Bekas Setiausaha Luar, Jack Straw kepada BBC Radio 4 pada Selasa beliau tidak bertentangan dengan prinsip penglibatan British dalam tindakan ketenteraan, tetapi berkata operasi di Syria diperlukan "beberapa jenis kebenaran" daripada kerajaan Syria.

In a major embarrassment for Cameron, a government motion for a Syrian intervention last year was defeated by Labour opposition MPs. Cameron will need the support of his opponents in order to act.

Shadow Business Secretary Chuka Umunna told Sky News on Tuesday it was “inconceivable” that Cameron could commit to airstrikes without the approval of MPs.

“ISIS need to be eliminated. What they are doing in the region is evil, is terrible. Obviously the prime minister hasn't determined yet that the UK should get involved,” said Umunna.

“If that is something he does, the Labour Party will apply the same criteria to whether or not we choose to support the intervention as we applied to the proposed Syrian action last year - is there a legal basis to intervene, is there a plan for intervention, and, importantly as well, learning the lessons from Iraq, is there a plan for what happens after?

“It is inconceivable that the prime minister could press on with airstrikes frankly without consulting Parliament and seeking proper consultation with Parliament.”

Former Foreign Secretary Jack Straw told BBC Radio 4 on Tuesday he was not against the principle of British involvement in military action, but said operations in Syria required “some kind of consent” from the Syrian government.


Kementerian Luar Rusia mengeluarkan kenyataan berita memecahkan serangan Syria, yang berkata sebarang tindakan terhadap militan Negara Islam di negara ini tanpa persetujuan kerajaan Syria akan menyemarakkan ketegangan di rantau ini.

"Apa-apa tindakan sedemikian boleh dijalankan hanya mengikut undang-undang antarabangsa," kata kenyataan tersebut. "Itu tidak bermakna yang formal, berat sebelah 'pemberitahuan' dari serangan udara tetapi kehadiran persetujuan jelas daripada kerajaan Syria atau kelulusan keputusan Majlis Keselamatan PBB yang berkaitan."

Percubaan untuk melanggar kedaulatan negara-negara di Timur Tengah untuk mencapai matlamat geopolitik Washington sendiri "hanya memburukkan lagi ketegangan dan seterusnya destabilizes keadaan," kata kementerian itu.

Kerajaan UK telah keras retorik terhadap IS dlm beberapa minggu kebelakangan ini, sejak pengeluaran 3 video mengerikan menunjukkan pemotongan kepala Amerika Syarikat wartawan James Foley dan Steven Sotloff, dan pekerja bantuan British David Haines.

IS mengugut untuk melaksanakan tebusan yang ke-4, pekerja bantuan British Alan Hennings, & mengeluarkan 1 video propaganda didakwa menunjukkan tawanan wartawan British John Cantlie. Antara sasaran semalam adalah kubu kuat IS di Raqqa, di mana Henning dilaporkan diadakan.

Kerajaan UK telah dihantar persenjataan kepada pejuang Kurdish menentang Negara Islam. Ia juga telah menghantar bantuan kemanusiaan kepada golongan minoriti yang disasarkan oleh militan IS, dan dihantar jet Typhoon dalam misi pengawasan di rantau ini. Jika kerajaan boleh mendapatkan sokongan daripada Ahli Parlimen, serangan udara ke atas Iraq boleh bermula tidak lama lagi selepas.

Berdasarkan kesahihan dipersoalkan campur tangan di Syria, Cameron mungkin berjuang untuk mendapatkan kelulusan daripada Ahli Parlimen untuk melakukan kuasa udara British kepada serbuan di Syria kecuali Damsyik memberi keizinannya. Beliau akan mengadakan perbincangan dengan pemimpin Buruh Ed Miliband minggu ini untuk membincangkan usul yang mungkin.

The Russian Foreign Ministry issued a statement as news broke of Syrian strikes, which said that any action against Islamic State militants in the country without the agreement of the Syrian government would fuel tensions in the region.

“Any such action can be carried out only in accordance with international law,” read the statement. “That implies not a formal, one-sided ‘notification’ of airstrikes but the presence of explicit consent from the government of Syria or the approval of a corresponding UN Security Council decision.”

Attempts to violate the sovereignty of countries in the Middle East to achieve Washington’s own geopolitical goals “only exacerbates tensions and further destabilizes the situation,” the ministry added.

The UK government has hardened its rhetoric on the IS in recent weeks, since the release of three gruesome videos showing the beheadings of US journalists James Foley and Steven Sotloff, and British aid worker David Haines.

The IS has threatened to execute a fourth hostage, British aid worker Alan Hennings, and released a propaganda video allegedly showing captive British journalist John Cantlie. Among Tuesday’s targets is the IS stronghold of Raqqa, where Henning is reportedly held.

The UK government has already delivered weaponry to Kurdish fighters resisting the Islamic State. It has also sent humanitarian aid to minority groups targeted by IS militants, and dispatched Typhoon jets on surveillance missions in the region. If the government can secure the backing of MPs, airstrikes on Iraq could begin soon after.

Based on the questionable legality of intervention in Syria, Cameron may struggle to win approval from MPs to commit British airpower to raids on Syria unless Damascus give its consent. He will hold talks with Labour leader Ed Miliband this week to discuss a possible motion.


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